Industrial Peristaltic Hose Pumps | How They Work & Applications | DAE Pumps

Industrial Peristaltic Hose Pumps 101

February 14, 2022


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From transferring liquid fertilizer in the agricultural industry to highly accurate paint dosing, industrial peristaltic hose pumps, also known as open flow pumps, are critical to ensuring the safe and effective transfer of materials for numerous industries and applications. For those who are looking to add an industrial peristaltic hose pump to their application, it is important to understand how these specialized pumps work and the applications and industries for which they are a good fit. This guide will break down the basics of industrial peristaltic hose pumps, starting with the pump’s operation style.

This Article Includes

  • What is an Industrial Peristaltic Hose Pump and How Do They Work?
  • What Types of Industries and Applications are Industrial Peristaltic Hose Pumps Used?

What is an Industrial Peristaltic Hose Pump and How Do They Work?

When dealing with a wide range of high viscosity fluids and materials, it is critical to have the right pump for the job on site. An industrial peristaltic hose pump is a positive-displacement pump and is chemically compatible with many types of fluids and materials. These peristaltic pumps are designed to offer clean, high performance and provide extremely accurate output in fluid transfer applications, especially when contrasted against many other types of industrial peristaltic pumps.

The design of the open flow pump is very simple, easy to operate, and requires very little maintenance once installed. Aside from a quick hose replacement now and again, this is superior to other pumps because of its low cost maintenance. How a industrial peristaltic pump operates is that they are constructed with rollers or shoes that rotate within the pump and compress an interior hose. When the rollers compress the hose, a vacuum (and suction) is created where the hose has been compressed.  As this compressed area of the hose comes back to its original shape (round) prior to being compressed, it creates a vacuum which continuously draws fluid into the hose where the fluid has been evacuated; this operation is described as maintaining prime. 

On the other side of the roller, the fluid inside the hose aft of the roller is pushed through the remaining hose and eventually exits the pump through the pump discharge porting and downstream it to the fluid’s final destination.  This continuous rotation of the shoes compressing the hose is what draws the fluid into the hose, while at the same time displacing the fluid and produces the flow rate of the pump.  

Industrial peristaltic pumps offer maximum fluid containment because as the fluid moves through the hose it never comes into contact with any other areas within the pump.  The simplicity of design in how an open flow pump displaces fluid also equates to a very long lasting heavy duty pump with minimal maintenance costs due to the wear on the hose by the rollers being minimal.  

Additionally, the hose is designed to be extremely durable, holding up well against contact with abrasive materials and fluids.  Industrial peristaltic hose pumps are the ideal solution for higher viscosity fluids that are pumped at a lower flow rate and/or higher pressures. These pumps are capable of moving a variety of fluids, such as slurries, sludges, muds, oils, chemicals, pulps, pastes, wastes, and foods.

A few key benefits of industrial peristaltic hose pumps include the following:

  • In many applications, the fluid within a pump may be evacuated to a point where the pump is in what is called a run dry situation.  For most industrial pumps, a run dry situation can lead to damage to the pump’s components, including mechanical seals, as well as premature pump failure. This is especially true if the pump runs dry or operation continues with very little liquid for an extended period of time.  Due to the unique design of the peristaltic hose pump, this type of pump can be subjected to a run dry situation and maintain for an infinite period of time without causing damage to the pump.

  • A peristaltic pump would be the ideal choice in situations where the fluid being pumped is shear-sensitive and can be damaged due to how most industrial pumps displace fluid.  A peristaltic pump delicately pushes the fluid through the internal hose, and avoids any damage to shear-sensitive fluids, as well as does not change a fluid’s viscosity, unlike some other pumps.  

  • These heavy duty pumps are also ideal for sludges and slurries, capable of handling up to 80% solids in suspension.

  • Numerous inlet and discharge port connection options are available which makes peristaltic pumps very versatile and easy to install into existing fluid transfer applications with already present pipework.  

  • The simple design and operating principle of a peristaltic pump reduces maintenance requirements, downtime and offers longer hose life as a few of its many benefits.  This can increase the duty time, which in turn increases the value realized over the life of a peristaltic pump.  

  • For industries where volumetric accuracy is critical, industrial peristaltic hose pumps reign supreme for application and can deliver a high degree of repeatable and continuous accuracy of fluid output with longer hose life than other pumps.

What Types of Industries and Applications are Industrial Peristaltic Hose Pumps Used?

Industrial peristaltic hose pumps are great substitutions for gear pumps and are used in many different types of applications and industries. Some industries in which these pumps are commonly used include the following:

  • Chemical: The transfer and injection of chemicals can lead to premature pump failure on traditional industrial pumps due to the abrasive and corrosive qualities of these materials and the intensive suction. With the ability to pump abrasive and corrosive materials, peristaltic hose pumps are an ideal fit for the chemical industry. 
  • Water and Wastewater: For pumps to excel in this industry it requires a pump that can transfer a wide range of fluid viscosity over its life. Being a true positive displacement pump model, optimized peristaltic hose pumps can move thin or thick fluids with a great deal of accuracy, precision and a minimal amount of low cost maintenance.
  • Mining: Within the mining industry, pumps maintain operation in extreme situations that can quickly destroy other types of industrial pumps internally, affecting the rotor, valves or seals.  In this industry pumps are required to endure very dirty conditions that involve pumping highly abrasion materials such as sand, sludge, slurries, and solid-laden materials.  Peristaltic pumps excel in this type of environment.  
  • Oil and Gas: Similar to configurations in the mining industry, the oil and gas industry is very hard on industrial equipment of all types, including industrial pumps.  The simplicity of design, along with the ability of an industrial peristaltic pump to move very challenging abrasive and corrosive materials make peristaltic hose pumps a reliable pump in such a harsh operating environment.  
  • Agriculture: In the ag industry, peristaltic hose pumps are used to transfer both chemical and fertilizer mixtures, and other solid laden challenging materials with ease, and without requiring frequent disassembly of the pump to remove “stringly, fibrous” materials that are common in agriculture applications, which can cause so many other types of industrial pumps major issues.    
  • Pulp and Paper: In the pulp and paper industry, metering, mixing, and pumping a wide variety of chemicals and abrasive material is required on a constant basis.  These requirements are exactly the strong points of a peristaltic pump’s ability.  
  • Paint and Pigment: For paint dosing and pigment transferring, peristaltic hose pumps protect binders from being exposed to air. This ensures that the mix remains fluid and movable, and avoids solidifying.
  • Food Processing: Pumps used in the food processing industry must be capable of transferring fluids and solid laden materials without causing damage to the food product.  For most industrial pumps, this type of application is beyond the scope of what a typical industrial pump can achieve.  Peristaltic pumps, due to the manner in which the pumps displace fluids and materials, are very gentle on the food product being pumped which makes this type of pump ideal for food processing applications.  

The following is a list of specific applications Industrial Peristaltic Hose Pumps are well suited in the Chemical, Food Processing, and Mining Industries:


Chemical Industry

  • Acids
  • Alcohols
  • Aluminum Sulfate
  • Catalytic Agents
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Lime Slurry
  • Solvents
  • Plating Solutions
  • Polymers
  • PVDF Latex
  • Resin
  • Titanium Dioxide

Food Processing

  • Bakery Industry
  • Pie fillings (fruit)
  • Breweries
  • Beer slurries
  • Wineries
  • Filter press feed
  • Food Processing
  • Casseroles, meat fillings
  • Effluent & Waste Treat.
  • Filter press feed
  • Chemical dosing
  • Waste transfer

Mining Industry

  • Sludge
  • Clay suspension
  • Lead sulfate
  • Pyrite slurry
  • Lime slurry
  • Cyanide metering
  • Sulfuric acid
  • Thickeners
  • Copper tailings
  • Viscous fluids
  • Mud
  • Light concrete

Across industries and applications, heavy duty industrial peristaltic hose pumps are a quality choice for numerous types of fluids and materials. Implementing these pumps can help reduce downtime, improve efficiencies, and for a lot of applications, are the best suited long life pump for the job.

DAE Pumps – Going Above and Beyond!

DAE Pumps is a premium industrial slurry pumps and dredge equipment manufacturer. Offering unparalleled performance for many different industries, DAE Pumps are ideally suited for Oil & Gas, Mining, Construction, Marine, Municipal, Water & Wastewater, and many other industries.  Along with the high-quality pumps DAE Pumps offers, we also provide world-class service to assist you no matter what the pumping challenge.  

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All pumps by DAE Pumps are made of the highest quality materials; they are durable, long-lasting, and provide value beyond your expectations. No matter your industry, DAE Pumps has a pump specifically suited for your needs.


Need Help?

Our team of engineers is standing by to help you with your next project. Call us at (760) 821-8112 or submit a request.